Abstracts must be submitted in English using the Microsoft Word template provided. The file has to be converted to PDF for submission.
The following layout should be followed:
Title: Abstract titles should be brief and reflect the content of the abstract. It should be in sentence case, bold, Times New Roman, size 12 point font and left justified. Do not use capital letters in the title except for words that are always capitalised and do not use non-standard abbreviations. Abbreviations may be used in the title, provided the name in full is outlined in the body of the abstract.
Authors names: The presenting author is underlined with superscript numbers for institution. Do not include degrees or professional titles (e.g. Dr, Prof. etc.). Authors section to be left aligned, Times New Roman, size 12 point font.
Authors affiliation: Corresponding to the superscript numbers, names of institutions should follow, including city, state, postcode and country (in this order). Authors affiliation to be left aligned, Times New Roman, size 10 point font, italics.
The abstract body: The abstract should contain original information and should briefly include the purpose, methods, result(s) and conclusion(s) of the study. Tables, graphs, images and references must not be included. The abstract body should not exceed 250 words. If exceeding the word limit the abstract will be returned for re-submission. Abstract text must be in Times New Roman, 12 point font size, single-spaced and left and right justified and in a single paragraph. Use standard abbreviations only. Within the body of the abstract, when using abbreviations spell out the name in full at the first mention and follow with the abbreviation in parenthesis.
References to be included after the abstract body if citation(s) was/were made in the abstract body. Left aligned and in Times New Roman font, size 12 point font.
Contact Author: At the conclusion of the abstract text, a contact author and email address must be listed, e.g., Contact author: John Doe; JD@gmail.com
Acknowledgement: Acknowledgements at the end of the abstract left aligned and in Times New Roman font, size 12 point font.
• Keywords: You should specify at least three keywords